An NRI cannot make any new investment to a PPF viz. any investment must be in an existing PPF, which they opened while they were Indian residents. For an existing PPF, they may keep contributing to it on a non-repatriable basis till the maturity of the PPF.
Yes, as an NRI, you can have a PPF Account. However, the account must have been opened when you were still a Resident Indian, i.e., prior to your becoming a Non-Resident Indian.
But Non-Resident Indians can’t open this account. If one has opened a PPF account before getting the NRI status, he or she can continue this account with some limitations. An NRI can continue his/her PPF account till maturity. The PPF account matures in 15 years.
If a PPF account was created by an Indian national (resident Indian) who later became an NRI, he or she can continue to contribute to it and enjoy all the benefits. Nothing will happen to the account, it will not be closed, surrendered, or deemed invalid.
Under this new scheme, NRIs are not allowed to make fresh deposits to their PPF account. However, they can continue to hold the pre-existing accounts (opened when they were residents) until maturity. The tax laws remain the same – the proceeds are tax-free in India.
An NRI can claim a standard deduction of 30%, deduct property taxes, and benefit from an interest deduction of a home loan. The NRI is also allowed a deduction for principal repayment under Section 80C. Stamp duty and registration charges paid on purchasing a property can also be claimed under Section 80C.
Gifts might involve a lot of emotion and tradition. But we have to consider practical and mundane things like rules and taxation when it comes to gifts in terms of cash or assets. NRIs can give and receive gifts in cash or kind (jewelry, antiques, property) to and from relatives and non-relatives in India.
Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana (SSY)
NRIs are not allowed to open a SSY account. A girl child is eligible for an SSY account only if she is a resident Indian at the time of opening the account. She will continue to enjoy the benefits of SSY account until she continues to be a resident Indian.
The investment grows tax free in India, until it is withdrawn, but the U.S. tax rules and IRS tax treatment is different. If a U.S. person owns a PPF, they will have a U.S. tax and reporting requirement.
The withdrawals from PPF, either partial or in whole are exempt from taxation under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act, 1961. Public Provident Funds come under Exempt-Exempt-Exempt category of investments. That is, all deposits made under PPF are exempt from taxation.
Ankur Choudhary, Co-founder& CIO, Goalwise.com replies: There is no upper age limit for opening a PPF account. The lock-in, however, remains at 15 years irrespective of the age at which you open the account. On maturity, the account can be extended by blocks of 5 years any number of times.
NRIs can close the PPF account prematurely after five years. They can also withdraw the money prematurely after five years. However, premature withdrawal is only allowed in the case of your higher education or your child’s higher education (provided the child is a primary account holder).
As per the Foreign Exchange Management Act (FEMA) guidelines, an NRI cannot have a savings account in his or her name in India. You must convert all your savings (money earned abroad) to a Non-Resident External Account (NRE) or Non-Resident Ordinary (NRO) account.
PPF scores over many other investment options mainly because your investment is tax-exempt under section 80C of the Income Tax Act (ITA) and the returns from PPF are also not taxable." The interest rate on PPF for the quarter ending June 30, 2022 is 7.1 % per annum (compounded yearly).
In case an NRI is an aggressive investor, then investing in equity is an ideal investment option. The NRIs can easily invest in the stock market of India within the portfolio investment scheme of RBI. The NRIs mandatorily should have an NRO/NRE account and the trading account to invest in the stock market of India.
Theoretically it is possible to invest through your parents. If the parents have a source of income and they pay taxes regularly, they can invest without facing any trouble in India. However, you should be extremely careful and check the US laws before taking a final decision.
NRIs can easily claim TDS refunds on income earned from India. Owing to Section 195 of the Income Tax Act, TDS deductions for NRIs are applicable to every type of income.
Short-term gains are taxed at the applicable income tax slab rates for the NRI based on the total income taxable in India. Long-term capital gains are taxed at 20 per cent.
There is no ceiling on the money an NRI can send to India. This money, however, needs to be earned through legit means. You also have to pay the required taxes on this money in the country it was earned. There is also an aspect of taxation to the money being sent to India.
Any amount above ₹50,000 received by a non-relative in India from a sender abroad is taxable, unless the purpose for sending meets any of the conditions below for gifting money.
Forex Facilities for NRIs/PIOs
|Particulars||FCNR (B) Account|
|Foreign currency risk||Account holder is protected against changes in INR value vis-à-vis the currency in which the account is denominated.|
|Type of accounts||Term deposits only.|
|Period of fixed deposits||For terms not less than 1 year and not exceeding 3 years|
An NRI can invest in residential/commercial properties but is not allowed to invest in agricultural or plantation property or a farmhouse. An OCI can invest in various financial investment opportunities available in India.
‘Non-resident Indian’ is an individual who is a citizen of India or a person of Indian origin and who is not a resident of India.
The interest earned and the returns are not taxable under Income Tax. One has to open a PPF account under this scheme and the amount deposited during a year will be claimed under section 80C deductions.
For NRIs and OCIs, the no-go investment area is limited. First and foremost, these individuals are not allowed to invest in small saving schemes such as National Saving Certificate (NSC), Public Provident Fund (PPF), Senior Citizen Savings Scheme (SCSS), Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana, and other post office saving schemes.
Provident fund is another name for pension fund. Its purpose is to provide employees with lump sum payments at the time of exit from their place of employment.
Interest rate is decided by government and thus it is same for all banks and post office. Since PPF interest is exempt from income tax, no TDS is deducted on it whatever the amount is.
Comparison between EPF & PPF
The interest rate on investments in EPF is 8.1% while it is 7.1 % for a PPF account. The money in the EPF account can be withdrawn when you resign from job. But, the deposited amount in PPF cannot be withdrawn until maturity which is 15 years from the date of depositing the amount.
There is no PPF eligibility age. Minors or persons with an unsound mind can have their PPF accounts provided that a guardian makes it for them. Any Indian citizen can have only one PPF account. There can be no joint accounts.